Party On Line

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Party On Line

√úbersetzung im Kontext von ‚Äěparty line‚Äú in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: party-line. party line Bedeutung, Definition party line: 1. the official ideas and goals of a political party: 2. a phone connection that is shared by two. Fachw√∂rterbuch: Party Line - Schaltung an Kommandoanlagen, bei der alle Teilnehmer wie Tonregie, Bild- und Tontechnik, Aufnahmeleitung und Kameras.

Party On Line Beispiele aus dem PONS W√∂rterbuch (redaktionell gepr√ľft)

party line Bedeutung, Definition party line: 1. the official ideas and goals of a political party: 2. a phone connection that is shared by two. Many translated example sentences containing "party line" ‚Äď German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. √úbersetzung im Kontext von ‚Äěparty line‚Äú in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: party-line. Englisch-Deutsch-√úbersetzungen f√ľr party line im Online-W√∂rterbuch therhinos.nu (‚ÄčDeutschw√∂rterbuch). Lernen Sie die √úbersetzung f√ľr 'party line' in LEOs Englisch ‚áĒ Deutsch W√∂rterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen F√§lle und Zeiten ‚úď Aussprache. √úbersetzung Englisch-Deutsch f√ľr party line im PONS Online-W√∂rterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Freunde und Familie k√∂nnen nicht vorbeikommen? Kein Problem! Hier erf√§hrst du, wie du eine legend√§re Online Party feiern und organisieren.

Party On Line

Lernen Sie die √úbersetzung f√ľr 'party line' in LEOs Englisch ‚áĒ Deutsch W√∂rterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen F√§lle und Zeiten ‚úď Aussprache. √úbersetzung f√ľr 'party line' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch W√∂rterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT ‚Äď mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Many translated example sentences containing "party line" ‚Äď German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations.

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In , Southern Bell officials refused a request from a public utilities commissioner in Jackson, Mississippi to segregate party telephone lines on racial boundaries.

While primitive lockout devices to prevent two subscribers from picking up the same line at the same time were proposed relatively early, [21] multiple simultaneous calls did not become viable until the initial tests of transistorised pair gain devices in Many jurisdictions require a person engaged in a call on a party line to end the call immediately if another party needs the line for an emergency.

Such laws also provide penalties for abuse by falsifying emergency situations. In May , a Rhinebeck, New York woman was indicted by a grand jury after her refusal to relinquish a party line delayed a volunteer firefighter's effort to report a grass fire; the fire destroyed a shed and a barn.

By the s, party lines were removed in most localities. They were not supported by new technologies and subscriber-owned equipment such as answering machines and computer modems.

Meanwhile, the electro-mechanical switching equipment required for their operation and was rapidly becoming obsolete, supplanted by electronic and digital switching equipment.

The new telephone exchange equipment offered vertical service code calling features such as call forwarding and call waiting , but often was incompatible with multi-party lines.

Party lines in the United States were also ineligible for Universal Service Fund subsidies, leading telephone companies to convert them to individual lines to benefit from these subsidies.

In , Southern Bell announced plans to gradually phase out all party lines in North Carolina. One of the last manual telephone exchanges with party lines in Australia was closed down in in the township of Collarenebri , where most town residents had a telephone number of only three digits, and to make a call outside the exchange area it was necessary to call the exchange to place a call.

For rural residents, many were on a single telephone line identified by a number and a property name, such as "Gundabluie 1".

Each party on that single line was identified by a letter, and the ringing pattern for that party would consist of the corresponding letter in Morse code.

This distinctive ring would alert all parties on the line who the call was for. In , the Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company replaced party lines with individual lines in Talcott, West Virginia , a rural area which once had as many as sixteen subscribers on one line.

Illinois State University terminated its last party line in Pacific Bell phased out most of its party lines by , and the last ones operating in Nevada shut down in To signal specific subscribers on party lines selectively, telephone operating companies implemented various signaling systems.

The earliest selective system was the code ringing system, in which each telephone subscriber was assigned a specific ringing cadence, not to be confused with modern ring tones.

Although various systems were implemented, one that limited the number of coded rings but established a uniform and readily understood format, was to first give the subscriber number as individual digits, which could be from one to four digits long per exchange, [39].

Thus spoken, for example, as "nine, three; ring two, two" to mean subscriber No. The two examples cited in this paragraph are taken directly from usage in the American film Party Wire.

Further to this functional deficiency, was a twofold practical deficiency. For though one was only to answer one's own ringing code, every party on the same subscriber line could hear all the ringing codes.

This meant firstly, frequently ringing telephones were a disruptive annoyance, as each party on the line had to stop to listen every time the telephone rang in order to determine according to the ringing cadence if they were the party being called on any given ring.

In the system of divided ringing , the ringing circuit was separated from the talking circuit by adding a ground connection between the central office and the subscriber stations for ringing.

On the same subscriber line, one party used the tip side of the line and ground for ringing, whilst the other party on the same line used the ring wire and ground for ringing, to achieve full selectivity for two-party lines, in which only the selected station would ring.

These names for the wires are derived from the paired cord plugs‚ÄĒused on a manual switchboard‚ÄĒcomposed of three parts: the tip and the sleeve separated by a narrow metal band called the ring , each of these three components being insulated from one another.

In the Bell System, the two stations were thus called the tip party and the ring party , In combination with code ringing, this method could be extended to four and eight subscribers to reduce the number of disturbances.

In several variations of divided ringing, also called grounded ringing, the bells were activated with polarized current, so that full selectivity was achieved for up to four parties.

Another selective ringing system was based on using different ringing frequencies for each station on the party line. In North America, this was used mostly by independent telephone systems, while the Bell System abandoned frequency selective ringing in the early s.

Combined with divided ringing, this provided fully selective service for up to eight stations. All fully selective ringing systems on party lines still brought the inconvenience of finding the line in use occasionally, by hearing talking, when one picked up the phone to make a call.

All party lines also required special equipment to complete calls to another party on the same party line. In the local-battery system of the early cranked magneto phones, the phone's own battery powered its transmitter as well as the receiver of the called phone.

If too many phones were off-hook and listening, the additional receivers would load down the transmitter's battery with a voltage so low that no phone could receive an intelligible signal.

With party-line service, particularly if there were more than two subscribers on the line, it was often necessary to complete a long-distance call through the operator to identify and correctly bill the calling party.

In some cases, the calling party would misidentify themselves in an attempt to send the bill to another party. A two-party line split between tip party and ring party could be created in such a way as to allow the central office to determine which party placed an outbound toll call by detecting that one of the ringers was disconnected when that subscriber went off-hook.

This system would fail if any provision was made to allow the subscriber to turn off the bells do not disturb for privacy or unplug the telephone; it also presumed that each subscriber only had one telephone connected to the line.

One variation of identifying the calling party on direct-dialed long-distance calls is a party code, usually a single digit inside a circle displayed on the phone's number tag.

Systems which identify the caller's name and address to emergency telephone numbers such as Enhanced in North America may be unable to identify which of multiple parties on a shared line placed a distress call; this is aggravated by the use of old mechanical switching equipment for party lines as this obsolete apparatus consistently provides no caller ID and often also lacks automatic number identification capability.

When the party line was already in use, if any of the other subscribers to that line picked up the phone, they could hear and participate in the conversation.

Eavesdropping opportunities abounded. If one of the parties used the phone heavily, then the inconvenience for the others was more than occasional, as depicted in the comedy film Pillow Talk.

Party lines were typically operated using mechanical switching systems which recognized certain codes for revertive calls; these no longer work on modern electronic or digital switchgear.

Party lines are not suitable for Internet access. If one customer is using dial-up, it will jam the line for all other customers of the same party line.

Bridge taps made party lines unsuitable for DSL , even in the few areas where distance from the central office did not already preclude its use.

Telephone companies typically do not allow client-owned equipment to be directly connected to party lines, posing an additional obstacle to their use for data.

Barbed wire telephone lines were local networks created in rural America at the end of the 19th century and beginning of 20th century.

Instead, the existing extent of barbed wire fences could be used to transmit electric signals and connect phones in neighboring farms.

In , The New York Times reported [47] that ranchers in Montana were inaugurating a telephone exchange in Fort Benton , with the goal of eventually connecting every city in the state.

The main purpose of such networks was to transmit information about weather conditions and train schedules. Telephone service for dispatchers and service personnel between way stations along railways used a form of party line service for many decades starting in the early s.

Railroad telephone systems often consisted of several dozen way stations interconnected with a shared line that used DC voltages as high as V for selective signaling to alert called stations.

With the advent of sophisticated electronics in the early part of the s, telephone service providers developed methods to share a single copper line to transmit multiple telephone calls simultaneously.

Various pair gain methods using time-division multiplexing and frequency-division multiplexing prevented interference between simultaneous calls.

A distant suburb may have a subscriber loop carrier or digital loop carrier system in which a remote concentrator is located near the subscribers to connect multiple local subscriber loops to one common line to a central office exchange.

A single optical fibre can also be shared between multiple subscribers in fibre to the cabinet systems. CATV cable modems are connected to an inherently shared medium.

The signal from the shared line is split to multiple subscribers. Signals for television, and data operate at various different carrier frequencies.

Digital wireless connections, such as mobile phones or voice over IP running over rural wireless Internet infrastructure are also inherently a shared medium.

Sufficiently high levels of usage of simultaneous active connections cause congestion on a mobile telephone network or impair transmission quality.

Party lines remain primarily in rural areas where local loops are long and individual circuits are uneconomical when spread sparsely over a large area.

Privacy is limited and congestion often occurs. In isolated communities, party lines have been used for local service only, without the facilities to switch calls through a central office for connection to the public switched telephone network.

An example of a community linked by party line is in Big Santa Anita Canyon high in the mountains above Los Angeles , near Sierra Madre, California , where 81 cabins, a group camp and a pack station all communicate by magneto -type crank phones.

One ring is for the pack station, two rings for the camp and three rings means all cabins pick up.

In maintenance of the line was assumed by the association of cabin owners. In modern use, the term party line has occasionally been used to market conference calling and voice bulletin board services.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Type of shared telephone line. This article is about shared service telephone lines.

For dating party lines, see Chat line. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. January Learn how and when to remove this template message.

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√úbersetzung f√ľr 'party line' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch W√∂rterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT ‚Äď mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Party line Definition: The party line on a particular issue is the official view taken by a political party, | Bedeutung, Aussprache, √úbersetzungen und Beispiele. Fachw√∂rterbuch: Party Line - Schaltung an Kommandoanlagen, bei der alle Teilnehmer wie Tonregie, Bild- und Tontechnik, Aufnahmeleitung und Kameras. Jeder Kommunist muss sich eine wahrhaft Support Stargames Com Wachsamkeit aneignen, Online Casino Sofortuberweisung Wahrung der Parteilinie und der Reinheit ihrer Ideale. Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Griechisch W√∂rterb√ľcher. Communications - telephone equipment. Finnisch W√∂rterb√ľcher. Your feedback will Pokret Snaga Srbije reviewed. Beispiele aus dem Internet nicht von der PONS Redaktion gepr√ľft Almost all the evidence from memoirs and diaries indicates that many of the CC members held individual opinions on various aspects of politics, the economy and society. Parteilinie ist nationalistisch, anti-holl√§ndisch, antiwestlich und antikapitalistisch. Wenn Sie es aktivieren, k√∂nnen sie den Vokabeltrainer und weitere Funktionen nutzen. Contrary to astrology's party lineMercury gives Venus a special advantage.

Party On Line "party line" Deutsch √úbersetzung

Aus Hansard archive. Entgegen der astrologischen Gratis Und Umsonst gibt Merkur Venus einen besonderen Vorteil. Kamerhes vermeintliches Vergehen bestand im Abweichen von der offiziellen Parteiliniewas f√ľr Kabila eine Schw√§chung seines Ansehens in der kongolesischen √Ėffentlichkeit bedeutete. Neue W√∂rter minimony. Beispiele f√ľr die √úbersetzung Parteidirektive ansehen Substantiv. Ergebnisse: Party On Line Party On Line Party On Line

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Download now Learn more. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Party line. Far-left Centre-left. Centre-left Radical centre Centre-right.

Centre-right Far-right. Non-partisan One-party. Dominant-party Two-party Multi-party. Ruling party Opposition party Hung parliament Confidence and supply Minority government Rainbow coalition Grand coalition Full coalition.

It has been suggested that Political line be merged into this article. Discuss Proposed since January The Lion and the Unicorn.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

To signal specific subscribers on party lines selectively, telephone operating companies implemented various signaling systems. The earliest selective system was the code ringing system, in which each telephone subscriber was assigned a specific ringing cadence, not to be confused with modern ring tones.

Although various systems were implemented, one that limited the number of coded rings but established a uniform and readily understood format, was to first give the subscriber number as individual digits, which could be from one to four digits long per exchange, [39].

Thus spoken, for example, as "nine, three; ring two, two" to mean subscriber No. The two examples cited in this paragraph are taken directly from usage in the American film Party Wire.

Further to this functional deficiency, was a twofold practical deficiency. For though one was only to answer one's own ringing code, every party on the same subscriber line could hear all the ringing codes.

This meant firstly, frequently ringing telephones were a disruptive annoyance, as each party on the line had to stop to listen every time the telephone rang in order to determine according to the ringing cadence if they were the party being called on any given ring.

In the system of divided ringing , the ringing circuit was separated from the talking circuit by adding a ground connection between the central office and the subscriber stations for ringing.

On the same subscriber line, one party used the tip side of the line and ground for ringing, whilst the other party on the same line used the ring wire and ground for ringing, to achieve full selectivity for two-party lines, in which only the selected station would ring.

These names for the wires are derived from the paired cord plugs‚ÄĒused on a manual switchboard‚ÄĒcomposed of three parts: the tip and the sleeve separated by a narrow metal band called the ring , each of these three components being insulated from one another.

In the Bell System, the two stations were thus called the tip party and the ring party , In combination with code ringing, this method could be extended to four and eight subscribers to reduce the number of disturbances.

In several variations of divided ringing, also called grounded ringing, the bells were activated with polarized current, so that full selectivity was achieved for up to four parties.

Another selective ringing system was based on using different ringing frequencies for each station on the party line.

In North America, this was used mostly by independent telephone systems, while the Bell System abandoned frequency selective ringing in the early s.

Combined with divided ringing, this provided fully selective service for up to eight stations. All fully selective ringing systems on party lines still brought the inconvenience of finding the line in use occasionally, by hearing talking, when one picked up the phone to make a call.

All party lines also required special equipment to complete calls to another party on the same party line. In the local-battery system of the early cranked magneto phones, the phone's own battery powered its transmitter as well as the receiver of the called phone.

If too many phones were off-hook and listening, the additional receivers would load down the transmitter's battery with a voltage so low that no phone could receive an intelligible signal.

With party-line service, particularly if there were more than two subscribers on the line, it was often necessary to complete a long-distance call through the operator to identify and correctly bill the calling party.

In some cases, the calling party would misidentify themselves in an attempt to send the bill to another party.

A two-party line split between tip party and ring party could be created in such a way as to allow the central office to determine which party placed an outbound toll call by detecting that one of the ringers was disconnected when that subscriber went off-hook.

This system would fail if any provision was made to allow the subscriber to turn off the bells do not disturb for privacy or unplug the telephone; it also presumed that each subscriber only had one telephone connected to the line.

One variation of identifying the calling party on direct-dialed long-distance calls is a party code, usually a single digit inside a circle displayed on the phone's number tag.

Systems which identify the caller's name and address to emergency telephone numbers such as Enhanced in North America may be unable to identify which of multiple parties on a shared line placed a distress call; this is aggravated by the use of old mechanical switching equipment for party lines as this obsolete apparatus consistently provides no caller ID and often also lacks automatic number identification capability.

When the party line was already in use, if any of the other subscribers to that line picked up the phone, they could hear and participate in the conversation.

Eavesdropping opportunities abounded. If one of the parties used the phone heavily, then the inconvenience for the others was more than occasional, as depicted in the comedy film Pillow Talk.

Party lines were typically operated using mechanical switching systems which recognized certain codes for revertive calls; these no longer work on modern electronic or digital switchgear.

Party lines are not suitable for Internet access. If one customer is using dial-up, it will jam the line for all other customers of the same party line.

Bridge taps made party lines unsuitable for DSL , even in the few areas where distance from the central office did not already preclude its use. Telephone companies typically do not allow client-owned equipment to be directly connected to party lines, posing an additional obstacle to their use for data.

Barbed wire telephone lines were local networks created in rural America at the end of the 19th century and beginning of 20th century.

Instead, the existing extent of barbed wire fences could be used to transmit electric signals and connect phones in neighboring farms.

In , The New York Times reported [47] that ranchers in Montana were inaugurating a telephone exchange in Fort Benton , with the goal of eventually connecting every city in the state.

The main purpose of such networks was to transmit information about weather conditions and train schedules.

Telephone service for dispatchers and service personnel between way stations along railways used a form of party line service for many decades starting in the early s.

Railroad telephone systems often consisted of several dozen way stations interconnected with a shared line that used DC voltages as high as V for selective signaling to alert called stations.

With the advent of sophisticated electronics in the early part of the s, telephone service providers developed methods to share a single copper line to transmit multiple telephone calls simultaneously.

Various pair gain methods using time-division multiplexing and frequency-division multiplexing prevented interference between simultaneous calls.

A distant suburb may have a subscriber loop carrier or digital loop carrier system in which a remote concentrator is located near the subscribers to connect multiple local subscriber loops to one common line to a central office exchange.

A single optical fibre can also be shared between multiple subscribers in fibre to the cabinet systems. CATV cable modems are connected to an inherently shared medium.

The signal from the shared line is split to multiple subscribers. Signals for television, and data operate at various different carrier frequencies.

Digital wireless connections, such as mobile phones or voice over IP running over rural wireless Internet infrastructure are also inherently a shared medium.

Sufficiently high levels of usage of simultaneous active connections cause congestion on a mobile telephone network or impair transmission quality.

Party lines remain primarily in rural areas where local loops are long and individual circuits are uneconomical when spread sparsely over a large area.

Privacy is limited and congestion often occurs. In isolated communities, party lines have been used for local service only, without the facilities to switch calls through a central office for connection to the public switched telephone network.

An example of a community linked by party line is in Big Santa Anita Canyon high in the mountains above Los Angeles , near Sierra Madre, California , where 81 cabins, a group camp and a pack station all communicate by magneto -type crank phones.

One ring is for the pack station, two rings for the camp and three rings means all cabins pick up. In maintenance of the line was assumed by the association of cabin owners.

In modern use, the term party line has occasionally been used to market conference calling and voice bulletin board services. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Type of shared telephone line.

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Vielleicht ist er sogar politischer, da er sich nicht mit dem Parteilabel begn√ľgt.. Contrary to the official party line , Rudolf Lindau supported the theory that the German Revolution had a Socialist tendency. Parteilinie ist nationalistisch, anti-holl√§ndisch, antiwestlich und antikapitalistisch. Finnisch W√∂rterb√ľcher.

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